Mechanism of inhibition of deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis by 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyladenosine triphosphate and its potentiation by 6-mercaptopurine ribonucleoside 5'-monophosphate.

Lee MY, Byrnes JJ, Downey KM, So AG
Biochemistry (1980), Volume 19, Page 215
PubMed entry


The mechanism of inhibition of DNA synthesis by ...
The mechanism of inhibition of DNA synthesis by 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-ATP (ara-ATP) and the potentiation of this inhibition by 6-mercaptopurine ribonucleoside 5'-monophosphate (6-MPR-P) have been investigated with mammalian DNA polymerase delty by using poly(dA-dT) as the template. The inhibition of DNA synthesis by ara-ATP correlates with incorporation of ara-AMP into poly(dA-dT). Nearest-neighbor analysis indicates that ara-AMP does not act as an absolute chain terminator but rather that chains with 3'-terminal arabinosyl nucleotides are extended slowly. The inhibition of DNA synthesis by ara-ATP is markedly enhanced by the addition of the nucleotide derivative of 6-mercaptopurine, 6-mercaptopurine ribonucleoside 5'-monophosphate. The increased inhibition of DNA synthesis in the presence of 6-MPR-P is due to increased incorporation of ara-AMP. The mechanism by which 6-MPR-P increases the incorporation of ara-AMP is by selective inhibition of the 3' to 5' exonuclease activity of DNA polymerase, thereby preventing the removal of newly incorporated ara-AMP at 3' termini of DNA chains.




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