In vitro analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (PCDF) cellular toxicity in PLC/PRF/5 cell proliferation--the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid, inchin-gorei-san and shou-saiko-to on cell toxicity.

Abstract:

We investigated the cell toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (PCDF) as an indicator of the quantity of m-RNA, which synthesizes the HBV core antigen region, and secreting protein, which is an HBV surface antigen in PLC/PRF/5 cells. The determination of m-RNA was conducted according to the methods of reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction. Furthermore, the reductive action of ursodeoxycholic acid, shou-saiko-to and inchin-gorei-san on the PCBs and PCDF toxicity was investigated. The cell number of 1 x 10(5)/ml and concentrations of 200 micrograms/ml for PCBs and 500 microM for PCDF were used in these experiments. The titer of HBsAg was gradually increased from 1 in 1 x 10(3)/ml of cell numbers to 100 in 1 x 10(6)/ml of cell numbers. The curve became a plateau in 1 x 10(6)/ml of cell numbers. The cell number of 1 x 10(5)/ml was used in the experiments. The titer of HBsAg decreased following in the increase of concentration of PCBs. The HBsAg, even in the PCBs concentration of 1000 micrograms/ml showed a titer of 22.5%. However, the highest concentration of PCDF in this study, that is, 500 microM of PCDF, did not show any decrease of HBsAg activity. The concentrations of 200 micrograms/ml for PCBs and 500 microM for PCDF were used in the investigation of drug effects. A high titer HBsAg was observed in high concentrations of shou-saiko-to in comparison with a control group. Ursodeoxycholic acid and inchin-gorei-san exhibited a similar tendency.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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