Inhibition of telomerase activity and human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene expression by histone deacetylase inhibitor in human brain cancer cells.

Abstract:

The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA) on the cell growth, apoptosis, genomic DNA damage and the expression of telomerase and associated factors in human normal and brain cancer cells. Here, human normal un-transformed fibroblasts (MRC-5), human normal hTERT-immortalised fibroblasts (hTERT-BJ1) and human brain cancer cell lines (glioblastoma cell line, A-172 and medulloblastoma cell line, ONS-76) were treated with 0.5-3.0microM TSA for 24h. Exposure to TSA resulted in apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in the brain cancer cells. Glioblastoma cell line (A-172) displayed higher sensitivity to TSA-induced cell killing effect and apoptosis than the medulloblastoma cell line (ONS-76). The brain cancer cell lines and hTERT-BJ1 cell line displayed significant inhibition in telomerase activity and hTERT mRNA level after 2microM TSA treatment. Elevated expressions of p53 and p21 with a decrease in cyclin-D level supported the observation on cell cycle arrest following TSA treatment. Upregulation of Bax and cytochrome c correlated with the apoptotic events in TSA-treated cells. This study suggests that telomerase and hTERT might be the primary targets of TSA which may have the potential to be used as a telomerase inhibitor in cancer therapy.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.