Cell-type-specific expression of mouse DNA polymerase beta-gene is regulated by silencer elements.

Abstract:

RNA blot hybridization analysis revealed that the steady-state level of DNA polymerase beta-mRNA in mouse neuroblastoma N18TG2 cells was approximately five-fold higher than that in NIH/3T3 cells. In order to examine the function of DNA polymerase beta-gene silencers in these two cell lines, we employed a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT)-transient expression assay using the CAT plasmids containing the silencers linked to various promoter-enhancers. In NIH/3T3 cells, DNA polymerase beta-gene silencers effectively repressed the function of its own promoter and those of several other heterologous promoter-enhancers. In contrast, the silencers only marginally affected the CAT expression directed by DNA polymerase beta-gene promoter and heterologous promoter-enhancers in N18TG2 cells. The extent of the increase of CAT expression by removing silencer elements in NIH/3T3 cells was very similar to the ratio of DNA polymerase beta-mRNA content in N18TG2 cells to that in NIH/3T3 cells. These results indicate that cell-type-specific expression of DNA polymerase beta-gene is primarily controlled by the function of its silencer elements.

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