Analysis of differential gene expression by bead-based fiber-optic array in nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas.

Abstract:

Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are relatively common, accounting for 30% of all pituitary adenomas; however, their pathogenesis remains enigmatic. To explore the possible pathogenesis of NFPAs, we used fiber-optic BeadArray to examine gene expression in 5 NFPAs compared with 3 normal pituitaries. 4 differentially expressed genes were chosen randomly for validation by reverse transcriptase-real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). We then analyzed the differentially expressed gene profile with Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). The array analysis indentified significant increases in the expression of 1,402 genes and 383 expressed sequence tags (ESTs), and decreases in 1,697 genes and 113 ESTs in the NFPAs. Bioinformatic and pathway analysis showed that the genes HIGD1B, FAM5C, PMAIP1 and the pathway cell-cycle regulation may play an important role in tumorigenesis and progression of NFPAs. Our data suggest fiber-optic BeadArray combined with pathway analysis of differential gene expression profile appears to be a valid approach for investigating the pathogenesis of tumors.

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