Inhibition of terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase by (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate.

Abstract:

(E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate (BVdUTP), known as a specific inhibitor of herpes simplex virus (type 1)-DNA polymerase, was found to be a potent inhibitor of the activity of terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase (TdT) from calf thymus. BVdUTP was not an efficient substrate of TdT, but it inhibited the incorporation of normal deoxynucleotide substrates in competitive fashion at the nucleotide binding site of TdT molecule. The Ki value for BVdUTP (5 microM) was much less than the Km value for dGTP (83 microM), indicating stronger affinity of the inhibitor to TdT than that of the substrate. These results indicate the usefulness of BVdUTP as a potent inhibitor of TdT for elucidation of the reaction mechanism of this enzyme.

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