Response of human DNA polymerase iota to DNA lesions.


Lesion bypass is an important mechanism to overcome replication ...
Lesion bypass is an important mechanism to overcome replication blockage by DNA damage. Translesion synthesis requires a DNA polymerase (Pol). Human Pol iota encoded by the RAD30B gene is a recently identified DNA polymerase that shares sequence similarity to Pol eta. To investigate whether human Pol iota plays a role in lesion bypass we examined the response of this polymerase to several types of DNA damage in vitro. Surprisingly, 8-oxoguanine significantly blocked human Pol iota. Nevertheless, translesion DNA synthesis opposite 8-oxoguanine was observed with increasing concentrations of purified human Pol iota, resulting in predominant C and less frequent A incorporation opposite the lesion. Opposite a template abasic site human Pol iota efficiently incorporated a G, less frequently a T and even less frequently an A. Opposite an AAF-adducted guanine, human Pol iota was able to incorporate predominantly a C. In both cases, however, further DNA synthesis was not observed. Purified human Pol iota responded to a template TT (6-4) photoproduct by inserting predominantly an A opposite the 3' T of the lesion before aborting DNA synthesis. In contrast, human Pol iota was largely unresponsive to a template TT cis-syn cyclobutane dimer. These results suggest a role for human Pol iota in DNA lesion bypass.




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