Proliferating cell nuclear antigen promotes DNA synthesis past template lesions by mammalian DNA polymerase delta.

Abstract:

Consistent with previous observations, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) promotes DNA synthesis by calf thymus DNA polymerase delta (pol delta) past several chemically defined template lesions including model abasic sites, 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine (dG) and aminofluorene-dG (but not acetylaminofluorene-dG). This synthesis is potentially mutagenic. The model abasic site was studied most extensively. When all deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates and a template bearing a model abasic site were present, DNA synthesis by pol delta beyond this site was stimulated 53-fold by addition of homologous PCNA. On an unmodified template (lacking any lesions), PCNA stimulated pol delta by 1.3-fold. Product analysis demonstrated that as expected from the "A-rule," fully and near-fully extended primers incorporated predominantly dAMP opposite the template lesion. Moreover, corollary primer extension studies demonstrated that in the presence (but not the absence) of PCNA, pol delta preferentially elongated primers containing dAMP opposite the model abasic template site. p21, a specific inhibitor of PCNA-dependent DNA replication, inhibits PCNA-stimulated synthesis past model abasic template sites. We propose that DNA synthesis past template lesions by pol delta promoted by PCNA results from the fundamental mechanism by which PCNA stimulates pol delta, i.e., stabilization of the pol delta. template-primer complex.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.