Ribozyme-mediated REV1 inhibition reduces the frequency of UV-induced mutations in the human HPRT gene.


In yeast, mutations induced by UV radiation are dependent on the ...
In yeast, mutations induced by UV radiation are dependent on the function of the Rev1 gene product, a Y-family DNA polymerase that assists in translesion replication with potentially mutagenic consequences. Human REV1 has been cloned, but its role in mutagenesis and carcinogenesis remains obscure. To examine the role of REV1 in UV mutagenesis in human cells and to evaluate its potential as a therapeutic target to prevent such mutations, we developed a ribozyme that cleaves human REV1 mRNA in vitro. Stable expression of the ribozyme in human cells reduced the target REV1 mRNA up to 90%. We examined the cytotoxic and mutagenic response to UV of seven independent clones that had reduced levels of endogenous REV1 mRNA. In each case, the clonogenic survival after UV was not different from that of the parental cell strains. In contrast, the UV-induced mutant frequencies at the endogenous HPRT locus were reduced up to 75% in cells with reduced levels of REV1 mRNA. The data support the idea that targeting the mutagenic translesion DNA replication pathway can greatly reduce the frequency of induced mutations.



Mutational Analysis, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions


new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.