Escherichia coli polymerase I can use O2-methyldeoxythymidine or O4-methyldeoxythymidine in place of deoxythymidine in primed poly(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT) synthesis.


O2-and O4-alkyldeoxythymidine are among the four O-alkyl base-modified derivatives produced by the reaction of N-nitroso alkylating agents with nucleic acids in vitro and in vivo. We find that both O2- and O4-methyl-dTTP can substitute for dTTP in alternating poly(dA-dT)-primed DNA synthesis. Up to 22% of the pyrimidines in the newly synthesized polymer were found by HPLC analysis to be O-methyldeoxythymidine. Little polymer synthesis was observed in the absence of dTTP. However, the O-methyl-dTTPs did not inhibit polymerization of dATP and dTTP. Polymers containing O2- or O4-methyldeoxythymidine were obtained in good yield, retaining the secondary structure of alternating poly(dA-dT). This was shown by the data for thermal transition under different conditions. In contrast, poly(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT) methylated or ethylated to less than 4% total modification by alkylnitrosoureas had a distinctly less stable structure. Neither O2- nor O4-methyldeoxythymidine can form more than one hydrogen bond with adenosine. The unchanged secondary structure of polymers containing these modified thymidines indicates that stacking interactions must play a major role in helix stabilization. O-Alkyldeoxythymidine may be formed by N-nitroso carcinogens that react intracellularly. We have shown that the triphosphates can be utilized by Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I as dTTP. The incorporated O4-methyl-dT causes misincorporation of G, both in transcription and synthesis. When O2-methyl-dT is present, less, but definite, misincorporation results.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.