Kinetic analysis of base-pairing preference for nucleotide incorporation opposite template pyrimidines by human DNA polymerase iota.

Abstract:

DNA polymerase (pol) iota, a member of the mammalian Y-family of DNA polymerases involved in translesion DNA synthesis, has been previously suggested to peculiarly utilize Hoogsteen base pairing for DNA synthesis opposite template purines, unlike pols eta and kappa, which utilize Watson-Crick (W-C) base pairing. To investigate the possible roles of Hoogsteen, W-C, and wobble base-pairing modes in the selection of nucleotides opposite template pyrimidines by human pol iota, we carried out kinetic analyses of incorporation of modified purine nucleoside triphosphates including 7-deazapurines, inosine, 2-aminopurine, 2,6-diaminopurine, and 6-chloropurine, which affect H-bonding in base-pair formation opposite template pyrimidines. Carbon substitution at the N7 atom of purine nucleoside triphosphates, which disrupts Hoogsteen base pairing, only slightly inhibited DNA synthesis opposite template pyrimidines by pol iota, which was not substantially different from human pols eta and kappa. Opposite template T, only the relative wobble stabilities (inferred from the potential numbers of H-bonding, steric, and electrostatic interactions but not measured) of base pairs were positively correlated to the relative efficiencies of nucleotide incorporation by pol iota but not the relative W-C or Hoogsteen stabilities, unlike pols eta and kappa. In contrast, opposite C, only the relative W-C stabilities of base pairs were positively correlated to the relative efficiencies of nucleotide incorporation by pol iota, as with pols eta and kappa. These results suggest that pol iota might not indispensably require Hoogsteen base pairing for DNA synthesis opposite pyrimidines but rather might prefer wobble base pairing in the selection of nucleotides opposite T and W-C base pairing opposite C.

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