Optimal conditions and specific characteristics of Vent exo- DNA polymerase in ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction protocols.

Abstract:

An optimized procedure for the ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique using Thermococcus litoralis exo- DNA polymerase (Vent exo-) was developed. The optimal dosage of Vent exo- at the primer extension and PCR amplification steps as well as the optimal DNA quantity to use were established. We showed that Vent exo- can efficiently create the blunt-ended termini required for subsequent linker ligation. Vent exo- proves to be more efficient than Pyrococcus furiosus exo- (Pfu exo-) for this task. Vent exo- resolves highly GC-rich sequence substantially better than Thermus aquaticus DNA polymerase (Taq) and with a similar efficiency as Pfu exo-. The DNA/DNA polymerase activity ratio is significantly higher for Vent exo- than for Pfu exo-, which is reflected by the sensibility of Vent exo- in efficiently amplifying genomic DNA. Furthermore, the range of efficiency of Vent exo- demonstrates the importance of conducting evaluative testing to identify the optimal dosage of use of this polymerase to obtain successful PCR amplification. Optimal MgSO4 concentrations to use with Vent exo- were established. Our results show that Vent exo- DNA polymerase produces bands of uniform and strong intensity and can efficiently be used for the analysis of DNA in living cells by ligation-mediated PCR.

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