Fidelity of DNA polymerase epsilon holoenzyme from budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Abstract:

DNA polymerases delta and epsilon (pol delta and epsilon) are the major replicative polymerases and possess 3'-5' proofreading exonuclease activities that correct errors arising during DNA replication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This study measures the fidelity of the holoenzyme of wild-type pol epsilon, the 3'-5' exonuclease-deficient pol2-4, a +1 frameshift mutator for homonucleotide runs, pol2C1089Y, and pol2C1089Y pol2-4 enzymes using a synthetic 30-mer primer/100-mer template. The nucleotide substitution rate for wild-type pol epsilon was 0.47 x 10(-5) for G:G mismatches, 0.15 x 10(-5) for T:G mismatches, and less than 0.01 x 10(-5) for A:G mismatches. The accuracy for A opposite G was not altered in the exonuclease-deficient pol2-4 pol epsilon; however, G:G and T:G misincorporation rates increased 40- and 73-fold, respectively. The pol2C1089Y pol epsilon mutant also exhibited increased G:G and T:G misincorporation rates, 22- and 10-fold, respectively, whereas A:G misincorporation did not differ from that of wild type. Since the fidelity of the double mutant pol2-4 pol2C1089Y was not greatly decreased, these results suggest that the proofreading 3'-5' exonuclease activity of pol2C1089Y pol epsilon is impaired even though it retains nuclease activity and the mutation is not in the known exonuclease domain.

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