Inhibition of klenow fragment (exo-) catalyzed DNA polymerization by (5R)-5,6-dihydro-5-hydroxythymidine and structural analogue 5,6-dihydro-5-methylthymidine.


Oligonucleotides containing 5R-5,6-dihydro-5-hydroxythymidine (5R-3) ...
Oligonucleotides containing 5R-5,6-dihydro-5-hydroxythymidine (5R-3) and structural analogue 5,6-dihydro-5-methylthymidine (9) at defined sites were chemically synthesized via a method that obviates the use of NH4OH. Oligonucleotides prepared by this method were used to examine the effects of 5R-3 and 9 on the fidelity of Klenow (exo-) in vitro. The presence of lesions 5R-3 and 9 in DNA templates was shown to inhibit polymerization of primers hybridized to these templates. Inhibition was observed for both translesional synthesis and extension one nucleotide past the lesion, with the latter being more pronounced. The fidelity of Klenow (exo-) was reduced only slightly when utilizing substrates containing either dihyropyrimidine nucleotide. These results provide the first experimental verification of computational studies carried out on the effects of 3 on DNA templates, and are consistent with a structural model in which the C5-methyl group of 5R-3 adopts a pseudoaxial orientation resulting in a disruption in base stacking.




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