Transcription of the catalytic 180-kDa subunit gene of mouse DNA polymerase alpha is controlled by E2F, an Ets-related transcription factor, and Sp1.


We have isolated a genomic DNA fragment spanning the 5'-end of the ...
We have isolated a genomic DNA fragment spanning the 5'-end of the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of mouse DNA polymerase alpha. The nucleotide sequence of the upstream region was G/C-rich and lacked a TATA box. Transient expression assays in cycling NIH 3T3 cells demonstrated that the GC box of 20 bp (at nucleotides -112/-93 with respect to the transcription initiation site) and the palindromic sequence of 14 bp (at nucleotides -71/-58) were essential for basal promoter activity. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that Sp1 binds to the GC box. We also purified a protein capable of binding to the palindrome and identified it as GA-binding protein (GABP), an Ets- and Notch-related transcription factor. Transient expression assays in synchronized NIH 3T3 cells revealed that three variant E2F sites near the transcription initiation site (at nucleotides -23/-16, -1/+7 and +17/+29) had no basal promoter activity by themselves, but were essential for growth-dependent stimulation of the gene expression. These data indicate that E2F, GABP and Sp1 regulate the gene expression of this principal replication enzyme.




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