Abasic template lesions are strong chain terminators for DNA primase but not for DNA polymerase alpha during the synthesis of new DNA strands.

Zerbe LK, Goodman MF, Efrati E, Kuchta RD
Biochemistry (1999), Volume 38, Page 12908
PubMed entry


The effects of abasic lesions on both primase activity and DNA ...
The effects of abasic lesions on both primase activity and DNA polymerase alpha- (pol alpha) catalyzed elongation of primase-synthesized primers were examined. Abasic lesions were strong chain terminators during primer synthesis by primase. However, extension of primase-synthesized primers by pol alpha resulted in 60-93% bypass of abasic lesions. Sequencing of bypass products generated during this primase-coupled pol alpha activity showed that dAMP was preferentially incorporated opposite the abasic lesion, indicating that pol alpha was responsible for bypass. In contrast, previous analyses of pol alpha-catalyzed elongation of exogenously supplied DNA primer-templates showed that abasic lesions strongly terminated DNA synthesis. Thus, elongation of primase-synthesized primers by pol alpha-primase is fundamentally different than elongation of exogenously added primer-templates with respect to interaction with abasic lesions. Furthermore, this high level of abasic lesion bypass during primase-coupled pol alpha activity provides an additional mechanism for how translesional synthesis may occur in vivo, an event hypothesized to be mutagenic.




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