Abasic template lesions are strong chain terminators for DNA primase but not for DNA polymerase alpha during the synthesis of new DNA strands.

Biochemistry (1999), Volume 38, Page 12908

Abstract:

The effects of abasic lesions on both primase activity and DNA polymerase alpha- (pol alpha) catalyzed elongation of primase-synthesized primers were examined. Abasic lesions were strong chain terminators during primer synthesis by primase. However, extension of primase-synthesized primers by pol alpha resulted in 60-93% bypass of abasic lesions. Sequencing of bypass products generated during this primase-coupled pol alpha activity showed that dAMP was preferentially incorporated opposite the abasic lesion, indicating that pol alpha was responsible for bypass. In contrast, previous analyses of pol alpha-catalyzed elongation of exogenously supplied DNA primer-templates showed that abasic lesions strongly terminated DNA synthesis. Thus, elongation of primase-synthesized primers by pol alpha-primase is fundamentally different than elongation of exogenously added primer-templates with respect to interaction with abasic lesions. Furthermore, this high level of abasic lesion bypass during primase-coupled pol alpha activity provides an additional mechanism for how translesional synthesis may occur in vivo, an event hypothesized to be mutagenic.

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