Surface plasmon resonance measurements reveal stable complex formation between p53 and DNA polymerase alpha.


Surface plasmon resonance measurements were used for detecting and ...
Surface plasmon resonance measurements were used for detecting and quantifying protein-protein interactions between the tumor suppressor protein p53, the SV40 large T antigen (T-ag), the cellular DNA polymerase alpha-primase complex (pol-prim), and the cellular single-strand DNA binding protein RPA. Highly purified p53 protein bound to immobilized T-ag with an apparent binding constant of 2 x 10(8) M(-1). Binding of p53 to RPA was in the same order of magnitude with a binding constant of 4 x 10(8) M(-1), when RPA was coupled to the sensor chip via its smallest subunit, and 1 x 10(8) M(-1), when RPA was coupled via its p70 subunit. Furthermore, p53 bound human DNA polymerase alpha-primase complex (pol-prim) with a K(A) value of 1 x 10(10) m(-1). Both the p68 subunit and the p180 subunit of pol-prim could interact with p53 displaying binding constants of 2 x 10(10) m1(-1) and 5 X 10(9) M(-1), respectively. Complex formation was also observed with a p180/p68 heterodimer, and again with a binding constant similar. Hence, there was no synergistic effect when p53 bound to higher order complexes of pol-prim. A truncated form of p53, consisting of amino acids 1-320, bound pol-prim by four orders of magnitude less efficiently. Therefore, an intact C-terminus of p53 seems to be important for efficient binding to pol-prim. It was also tried to measure complex formation between p53, pol-prim, and T-ag. However there was no evidence for the existence of a ternary complex consisting of T-ag, pol-prim, and p53.




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