Improvement of the 3'-5' exonuclease activity of Taq DNA polymerase by protein engineering in the active site.

Park Y, Choi H, Lee DS, Kim Y
Mol Cells (1997), Volume 7, Page 419
PubMed entry


Taq DNA polymerase from Thermus aquaticus has been shown to be very ...
Taq DNA polymerase from Thermus aquaticus has been shown to be very useful in the polymerase chain reaction method. Taq DNA polymerase has a domain at its amino terminus (residue 1 to 291) that has a 5'-3' exonuclease activity, a 3'-5' exonuclease domain in the middle (residue 292 to 423), and a domain at its C-terminus that catalyzes polymerase reactions. Taq DNA polymerase is classified into the polI family which is represented by E. coli DNA polymerase I. The three dimensional structural alignment of 3'-5' exonuclease domains from the polI family, DNA polymerases leads us to understand why Taq DNA polymerase does not carry out proof-reading in the polymerase chain reaction. Three sequence motifs, called ExoI, II, and III must be present in order to carry out proof-reading by the 3'-5' exonuclease reaction in DNA polymerization, but Taq DNA polymerase contains none of them. The key catalytic module in the 3'-5' exonuclease is two metal ions chelated by active-site carboxylic amino acids. In order to render the 3'-5' exonuclease activity in Taq DNA polymerase, a catalytic module was constructured in the active site by protein engineering. The mutant Taq DNA polymerase shows twice as much the 3'-5' exonuclease activity as that of wild-type DNA polymerase.




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