Deoxy- and dideoxynucleotide discrimination and identification of critical 5' nuclease domain residues of the DNA polymerase I from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.


The DNA polymerase I (PolI) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) was ...
The DNA polymerase I (PolI) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) was overproduced in Escherichia coli as an enzymatically active, recombinant protein with or without an N-terminal His-tag. The proteins catalysed both the DNA polymerisation of homo- and heteropolymer template-primers and the 5'-3' exonucleolytic hydrolysis of gapped and nicked substrates but lacked an associated proofreading activity. In accordance with recent predictions [Tabor, S. and Richardson, C.C. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 92, 6339-6343], both recombinant forms of the M. tuberculosis enzyme were unable to discriminate against dideoxynucleotide 5'-triphosphates and were thus efficiently inhibited by these chain-terminating nucleotide analogues during DNA synthesis. This unusual property might be potentially exploitable in terms of novel anti-mycobacterial drug design. A mutational analysis of 5' nuclease domain residues allowed the roles of nine invariant acidic residues to be evaluated. Acidic side chain neutralisation resulted in a > or = 20-fold reduction in activity, with the most profound reduction (> or = 10(4)-fold) being caused by neutralisation of the Asp125, Asp148 and Asp150 residues.




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