The excision of AP sites by the 3'-5' exonuclease activity of the Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I.

FEBS letters (1984), Volume 178, Page 223

Abstract:

The 3' AP endonucleases (class I) are said to hydrolyze the phosphodiester bond 3' to AP sites yielding 3'-OH and 5'-phosphate ends; on the other hand, the resulting 3' terminal AP site is not removed by the 3'-5' exonuclease activity of the Klenow fragment [1]. We show that AP sites in DNA are easily removed by the 3'-5' exonuclease activity of the Klenow fragment and that they are excised as deoxyribose-5-phosphate. It is suggested that the 3' AP endonucleases are perhaps not the hydrolases they are supposed to be.

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