Dpb11, which interacts with DNA polymerase II(epsilon) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has a dual role in S-phase progression and at a cell cycle checkpoint.


DPB11, a gene that suppresses mutations in two essential subunits of ...
DPB11, a gene that suppresses mutations in two essential subunits of Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA polymerase II(epsilon) encoded by POL2 and DPB2, was isolated on a multicopy plasmid. The nucleotide sequence of the DPB11 gene revealed an open reading frame predicting an 87-kDa protein. This protein is homologous to the Schizosaccharomyces pombe rad4+/cut5+ gene product that has a cell cycle checkpoint function. Disruption of DPB11 is lethal, indicating that DPB11 is essential for cell proliferation. In thermosensitive dpb11-1 mutant cells, S-phase progression is defective at the nonpermissive temperature, followed by cell division with unequal chromosomal segregation accompanied by loss of viability.dpb11-1 is synthetic lethal with any one of the dpb2-1, pol2-11, and pol2-18 mutations at all temperatures. Moreover, dpb11 cells are sensitive to hydroxyurea, methyl methanesulfonate, and UV irradiation. These results strongly suggest that Dpb11 is a part of the DNA polymerase II complex during chromosomal DNA replication and also acts in a checkpoint pathway during the S phase of the cell cycle to sense stalled DNA replication.




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