A unique subpopulation of murine DNA polymerase alpha/primase specifically interacts with polyomavirus T antigen and stimulates DNA replication.


Murine cells or cell extracts support the replication of plasmids ...
Murine cells or cell extracts support the replication of plasmids containing the replication origin (ori-DNA) of polyomavirus (Py) but not that of simian virus 40 (SV40), whereas human cells or cell extracts support the replication of SV40 ori-DNA but not that of Py ori-DNA. It was shown previously that fractions containing DNA polymerase alpha/primase from permissive cells allow viral ori-DNA replication to proceed in extracts of nonpermissive cells. To extend these observations, the binding of Py T antigen to both the permissive and nonpermissive DNA polymerase alpha/primase was examined. Py T antigen was retained by a murine DNA polymerase alpha/primase but not by a human DNA polymerase alpha/primase affinity column. Likewise, a Py T antigen affinity column retained DNA polymerase alpha/primase activity from murine cells but not from human cells. The murine fraction which bound to the Py T antigen column was able to stimulate Py ori-DNA replication in the nonpermissive extract. However, the DNA polymerase alpha/primase activity in this murine fraction constituted only a relatively small proportion (approximately 20 to 40%) of the total murine DNA polymerase alpha/primase that had been applied to the column. The DNA polymerase alpha/primase purified from the nonbound murine fraction, although far more replete in this activity, was incapable of supporting Py DNA replication. The two forms of murine DNA polymerase alpha/primase also differed in their interactions with Py T antigen. Our data thus demonstrate that there are two distinct populations of DNA polymerase alpha/primase in murine cells and that species-specific interactions between T antigen and DNA polymerases can be identified. They may also provide the basis for initiating a novel means of characterizing unique subpopulations of DNA polymerase alpha/primase.




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