A 17S multiprotein form of murine cell DNA polymerase mediates polyomavirus DNA replication in vitro.

Abstract:

We have identified and purified a multiprotein form of DNA polymerase from the murine mammary carcinoma cell line (FM3A) using a series of centrifugation, polyethylene glycol precipitation, and ion-exchange chromatography steps. Proteins and enzymatic activities associated with this mouse cell multiprotein form of DNA polymerase include the DNA polymerases alpha and delta, DNA primase, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), DNA ligase I, DNA helicase, and DNA topoisomerases I and II. The sedimentation coefficient of the multiprotein form of DNA polymerase is 17S, as determined by sucrose density gradient analysis. The integrity of the murine cell multiprotein form of DNA polymerase is maintained after treatment with detergents, salt, RNase, DNase, and after chromatography on DE52-cellulose, suggesting that the association of the proteins with one another is independent of nonspecific interaction with other cellular macromolecular components. Most importantly, we have demonstrated that this complex of proteins is fully competent to replicate polyomavirus DNA in vitro. This result implies that all of the cellular activities required for large T-antigen dependent in vitro polyomavirus DNA synthesis are present within the isolated 17S multiprotein form of the mouse cell DNA replication activities. A model is proposed to represent the mammalian Multiprotein DNA Replication Complex (MRC) based on the fractionation and chromatographic profiles of the individual proteins found to co-purify with the complex.

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