Amplification of snap-back DNA synthesis reactions by the uvsX recombinase of bacteriophage T4.


The uvsX protein of bacteriophage T4 is a recA-type recombinase. This ...
The uvsX protein of bacteriophage T4 is a recA-type recombinase. This protein has previously been shown to help initiate DNA replication on a double-stranded DNA template by catalyzing synapsis between the template and a homologous DNA single strand that serves as primer. Here, we demonstrate that this replication-initiating activity of the uvsX protein greatly amplifies the snap-back (hairpin-primed) DNA synthesis that is catalyzed by the T4 DNA polymerase holoenzyme on linear, single-stranded DNA templates. Amplification requires the presence of uvsX protein, the DNA polymerase holoenzyme, T4 gene 32 protein, and a T4 DNA helicase, in a reaction that is modulated by the T4 uvsY protein (an accessory protein to the uvsX recombinase). The reaction products consist primarily of large networks of double-stranded and single-stranded DNA. With alkali or heat treatment, these networks resolve into dimer-length single-stranded DNA chains that renature instantaneously to reform a monomer-length double helix. A simple model can explain this uvsX protein-dependent amplification of snap-back DNA synthesis; the mechanism proposed makes several predictions that are confirmed by our experiments.




Accessory Proteins/Complexes, Nucleotide Incorporation


new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.