Exposure of HeLa DNA polymerase alpha to protein kinase C affects its catalytic properties.

Abstract:

Protein kinase C (Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase) purified from rat brain or endogenous to cell-free extracts from HeLa cells stimulates, by a factor of 2-3, HeLa DNA polymerase alpha but not beta or gamma. Monoclonal antibody to the kinase prevents the stimulation, and monoclonal antibody to human DNA polymerase alpha neutralizes the enhanced activity. Reduced DNA polymerase alpha activity is obtained from noncycling HeLa cells and this activity has lower fidelity when copying synthetic primer-templates than that obtained from log phase cultures. After exposure to the kinase, the fidelities and activities of the polymerase from both sources increase by 2- to 3-fold. This improved accuracy is not accompanied by the appearance of triphosphatase or DNase activities. Exposure to the protein kinase reduces the Km for activated DNA and for poly(dA-dT) but not for dNTPs. Moreover, the Vmax for activated DNA but not for poly(dA-dT) is increased approximately 2- to 3-fold. These alterations suggest a role for protein phosphorylation in modulating DNA polymerase alpha.

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