Purification and characterization of DNA polymerase from the archaebacterium Sulfolobus acidocaldarius.

Abstract:

DNA polymerase has been purified about 25,000-fold from the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. On SDS-PAGE the enzyme was observed to have a molecular weight of 100 kDa and to be about 90% pure. The native molecular weight was 108 kDa indicating that the enzyme is composed of a single polypeptide. Activity gel analysis showed an active polypeptide of about 100 kDa. Under conditions promoting proteolysis this polypeptide was degraded to a slightly smaller form of 98 kDa. The enzyme has been characterized in respect to optimal assay conditions, template specificity, sensitivity to inhibitors and associated nuclease activities. The high temperature optimum of 65 degrees C should be emphasized. No substantial similarities have been found with other prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA polymerases, although the enzyme bears certain resemblances to prokaryotic non-replicative polymerases.

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