In vitro and in vivo studies of Trypanosoma cruzi DNA polymerase.

Abstract:

One major DNA polymerase has been purified and characterized from Trypanosoma cruzi. The enzyme has a sedimentation coefficient of 6.8 S corresponding to an approximate molecular weight of 180,000 assuming a globular shape. The enzyme recognizes activated DNA very efficiently, as well as synthetic polydeoxynucleotides, whereas poly rA-dT12 is very poorly utilized. Trypanosoma cruzi DNA polymerase is not inhibited at all by aphidicolin, while araCTP inhibits the enzyme very slightly. The purified enzyme is strongly inhibited by N-ethyl maleimide, dideoxyTTP, ethidium bromide and berenil. All our attempts to find a DNA polymerase sensitive to aphidicolin in vitro have failed, nor have we been able to find a low molecular weight DNA polymerase in this organism. However, when DNA synthesis was studied in whole trypanosomes, aphidicolin was shown to inhibit DNA synthesis more efficiently than ethidium bromide and berenil.

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