Mechanism of T5-induced DNA polymerase. I. Replication of short primer templates.

Abstract:

Bacteriophage T5-induced DNA polymerase shows an initial phase of rapid synthesis, followed by a slower steady rate for much longer periods, with short DNA primer-templates (400 to 600 nucleotides long), in vitro. On extrapolating the line of steady rate back to 0 min, an intercept is obtained on the ordinate. With large DNA primer-templates, such as denatured T5 DNA (average chain length approximately 50,000 bases), the rate of synthesis remains constant and is equal to the initial rate obtained with short primer-templates. The zero time intercept was proportional to the amount of enzyme used and independent of temperature. Polymer challenge experiments indicate that the initial phase of rapid synthesis can be attributed to the processive mode of synthesis by T5 DNA polymerase. After synthesizing a stretch of DNA processively for about 200 nucleotide residues, the enzyme apparently forms a "dead-end complex" with the primer-templates used and must dissociate from the primer-template in order to resume synthesis. The average size of the product made processively, during various phase of synthesis, remains invariant and is in good agreement with the size of the zero time intercept per enzyme molecule.

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