The genetic fate of molecularly cloned simian immunodeficiency virus in experimentally infected macaques.

Abstract:

We have examined genetic variation of the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) in four macaques inoculated with virions derived from molecular clones of proviral DNA. Our data demonstrated that the SIV genome is capable of rapid and extensive genetic variation. This variation was especially large in the env gene, where nucleotide substitution frequencies were as high as 10(-1)/site/year. In some env clones, a high G to A transition rate was observed that accounted for up to 79% of the observed nucleotide substitutions. Moreover, in env clones with a high G to A transition rate, multiple in-frame stop codons were generated exclusively at tryptophan codons. Another interesting observation was the lack of variation in the region analogous to the V3 loop in the HIV-1 Env protein. Considered together, these data have important implications for studies of pathogenesis and vaccine development in the SIV model system.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.