REV1 mediated mutagenesis in base excision repair deficient mouse fibroblast.


The DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta) null background renders mouse ...
The DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta) null background renders mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells base excision repair deficient and hyper-mutagenic upon treatment with the monofunctional alkylating agent, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). This effect involves an increase in all types of base substitutions, with a modest predominance of G to A transitions. In the present study, we examined the hypothesis that the MMS-induced mutagenesis in the Pol beta null MEF system is due to a lesion bypass mechanism. We studied the effect of RNAi mediated down-regulation of the lesion bypass factor REV1. The steady-state level of REV1 protein was reduced by more than 95% using stable expression of a siRNA construct in a Pol beta null cell line. We found that REV1 expression is required for the MMS-induced mutagenesis phenotype of Pol beta null MEF cells. In contrast, cell survival after MMS treatment is not reduced in the absence of REV1.




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