Studies on the mechanism of human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase. Steady-state kinetics, processivity, and polynucleotide inhibition.


A study of steady-state kinetics of polymerization by purified human ...
A study of steady-state kinetics of polymerization by purified human immunodeficiency virus DNA polymerase (reverse transcriptase) has been conducted. DNA synthesis was examined using a system of poly(rA) as template, oligo(dT) as primer, and dTTP as nucleotide substrate. The substrate initial velocity patterns point to an ordered mechanism with template-primer adding first. Product inhibition kinetics with either pyrophosphate or phosphonoformate are consistent with this mechanism. The human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase acts processively in this replication system, but exhibits some probability of terminating after each dTMP addition to the nascent chain. The probability of terminating was approximately 20-fold higher after the first dTMP addition than after subsequent additions. With this information on the mode of polymerization, appropriate kinetic models and steady-state rate equations are discussed. In further studies, we found that a heterologous polynucleotide, poly(rC), is a potent inhibitor of the enzyme. The pattern of this inhibition is uncompetitive against template-primer, suggesting that interaction with free enzyme is not the mechanism of the inhibition.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.