Ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools during 2-aminopurine mutagenesis in T4 mutator-, wild type-, and antimutator-infected Escherichia coli.

Abstract:

Ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools have been measured in Escherichia coli infected with bacteriophage T4 DNA polymerase mutator, wild type, and antimutator alleles during mutagenesis by the base analogue 2-aminopurine. ATP and GTP pools expand significantly during mutagenesis, while CTP and UTP pools contract slightly. The DNA polymerase (gene 43) alleles and an rII lesion perturb normal dNTP pools more than does the presence of 2-aminopurine. We find no evidence that 2-aminopurine induces mutations indirectly by causing an imbalance in normal dNTP pools. Rather, it seems likely that, by forming base mispairs with thymine and with cytosine, 2-aminopurine is involved directly in causing bidirectional A.T in equilibrium G.C transitions. The ratios for 2-aminopurine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate/dATP pools are 5-8% for tsL56 mutator and 1-5% for tsL141 antimutator and 43+ alleles. We conclude that the significant differences observed in the frequencies of induced transition mutations in the three alleles can be attributed primarily to the properties of the DNA polymerases with their associated 3'-exonuclease activities in controlling the frequency of 2-aminopurine.cystosine base mispairs.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Mutational Analysis, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions, Fidelity

One line summary:

2-Aminopurine is mutagenic due to 2-AP-NT base pairing errors and not to indirect effects on dNTP pool imbalances.

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.