Crystallographic studies of protein-nucleic acid interaction: catabolite gene activator protein and the large fragment of DNA polymerase I.


Crystals suitable for X-ray crystallographic investigation have been ...
Crystals suitable for X-ray crystallographic investigation have been grown of several nucleic acid binding proteins and their analysis is in progress. These include E. coli catabolite gene activator protein (CAP), the large fragment of DNA polymerase I (Pol I fragment), rec A, single strand DNA binding protein, resolvase, lac repressor and lac repressor 'Core', 5S RNA fragment and its complex with L25. Calculation of the electrostatic charge potential of CAP, using coordinates refined at 2.6 A resolution, suggests an orientation for B DNA on this repressor and activator of transcription. Both the electrostatic calculations and detailed model building suggests that the DNA must be bent or kinked on the protein in this orientation in order to make sufficient protein contacts. From a 3.5 A resolution map of Pol I fragment we have been able to obtain a preliminary trace through the polypeptide backbone. The large fragment consists of two domains. The smaller domain binds nucleoside monophosphate at the edge of a mostly parallel beta-pleated sheet, a structure that is reminiscent of kinase and dehydrogenase nucleotide binding domains. The larger domain contains about two thirds of the fragment and is mostly alpha-helical but with at least one four stranded antiparallel beta-sheet. The nucleoside monophosphate binds with its 5' phosphate on the Mg and is apparently in the conformation of nucleotides in B DNA.




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