Novel phenalenone derivatives from a marine-derived fungus exhibit distinct inhibition spectra against eukaryotic DNA polymerases.


A number of compounds used for cancer chemotherapy exert their effects ...
A number of compounds used for cancer chemotherapy exert their effects by inhibiting DNA replication. New inhibitors of DNA polymerases, therefore, could be potential candidates for new anti-cancer drugs. This study tested the effects of two phenalenone-skeleton-based compounds, which were isolated from a marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp., sculezonone-B (SCUL-B) and sculezonone-A (SCUL-A), upon DNA polymerase activity. Both compounds inhibited bovine DNA polymerases alpha and gamma, moderately affected the activity of DNA polymerase epsilon, and had almost no effect on HIV-reverse transcriptase and an E. coli DNA polymerase I Klenow fragment. Most notably, whereas SCUL-A inhibited pol beta (IC(50) = 17 microM), SCUL-B has only a weak influence upon this polymerase (IC(50) = 90 microM). Kinetic studies showed that inhibition of both DNA polymerases alpha and beta by either SCUL-A or SCUL-B was competitive with respect to dTTP substrate and noncompetitive with the template-primer. Whereas pol alpha inhibition by SCUL-B is competitive with respect to dATP, the inhibition by SCUL-A was found to be a mixed type with dATP substrate. The K(i) values of SCUL-B were calculated to be 1.8 and 6.8 microM for DNA polymerases alpha and gamma, respectively. The K(i) of DNA polymerase beta for SCUL-A was 12 microM and that for DNA polymerase alpha, 16 microM. Therefore, deletion of the OH-group at C12 enhanced inhibition of DNA polymerase beta. Since computational analyses of these two inhibitors revealed a remarkable difference in the distribution of negative electrostatic charge on the surface of molecules, we infer that different electrostatic charges might elicit different inhibition spectra from these two compounds.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.