Stepwise mechanism of HIV reverse transcriptase: primer function of phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide.


Primer recognition by purified HIV reverse transcriptase has been ...
Primer recognition by purified HIV reverse transcriptase has been investigated. Earlier we found that the reaction pathway for DNA synthesis is ordered, with template-primer and free enzyme combining to form the first complex in the reaction sequence (Majumdar et al., 1988). We now find that d(C)28 is a linear competitive inhibitor of DNA synthesis against poly[r(A)].oligo[d(T)] as template.primer, indicating that d(C)28 and the template.primer combine with the same form of the enzyme in the reaction scheme, i.e., the free enzyme. The phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide Sd(C)28 also is a linear competitive inhibitor against template.primer. However, the Ki for inhibition (approximately 2.8 nM) is approximately 200-fold lower than the Ki for inhibition by d(C)28. Since the inhibition is linear competitive, the dissociation constant is equal to the Ki for inhibition. Filter binding assays confirmed high-affinity binding between Sd(C)28 and the enzyme and yielded a KD similar to the Ki for inhibition. Substrate kinetic studies of DNA synthesis using Sd(C)28 as primer, and poly[r(I)] as template, revealed that the Km for Sd(C)28 is 24 nM. The Km for this primer is, therefore, 8-fold higher than the KD for enzyme-primer binding (2.8 nM). These results enable calculation of real time rate values for the enzyme-primer association (kon = 5.7 x 10(8) M-1 s-1) and dissociation (koff = 1.6 s-1).




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