Identification and expression of a putative LPS-induced TNF-α factor from Asiatic hard clam Meretrix meretrix.

Abstract:

LPS-induced TNF-α (LITAF) is a novel transcriptional factor that mediates the expression of inflammatory cytokines in LPS-induced processes. In the present study, the full-length cDNA encoding LITAF (designated as Mm-LITAF) was identified from Asiatic hard clam, Meretrix meretrix, by expressed sequence tag and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) approaches. The full-length cDNA of Mm-LITAF was 1653 bp, consisting of a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 91 bp, a 3'UTR of 1166 bp with one cytokine RNA instability motif (ATTTA) and one polyadenylation signal (AATAAA), and an open reading frame (ORF) of 396 bp encoding a polypeptide of 131 amino acids with a theoretical isoelectric point of 7.49, and predicted molecular weight of 14.47 kDa. The deduced amino acid of Mm-LITAF shared 29-63% similarity with the LITAFs from other species, indicating that Mm-LITAF should be a member of the LITAF family. Two highly conserved CXXC motifs forming a compact Zn(2+)-binding structure were also identified in Mm-LITAF. A quantitative reverse transcriptase real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assay was developed to assess the expression of Mm-LITAF mRNA in different tissues, and the temporal expression of Mm-LITAF in clams challenged with Vibrio anguillarum. The mRNA transcript of Mm-LITAF could be detected in all the examined tissues with the highest expression level in the gill. Mm-LITAF expression was up-regulated significantly at 16 h in the gill and at 8 h in haemocytes after bacterial challenge, respectively. These results suggest that the Mm-LITAF is a constitutive and inducible acute-phase protein that perhaps involved in the innate immune response of hard clam.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.