A DNA lesion alters the global conformational dynamics of a Y-Family DNA polymerase during catalysis.

Abstract:

A major product of oxidative damage to DNA, 8-Oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanine (8-oxoG), can lead to genomic mutations if it is bypassed unfaithfully by DNA polymerases in vivo. However, our pre-steady state kinetic studies in the accompanying paper show that DNA polymerase IV (Dpo4), a prototype Y-family enzyme from Solfolobus solfataricus, can bypass 8-oxoG both efficiently and faithfully. For the first time, our stopped-flow Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) studies reveal that a DNA polymerase altered its synchronized, global conformational dynamics in response to a DNA lesion. Relative to nucleotide incorporation into undamaged DNA, three of the four domains of Dpo4 undertook different conformational transitions during 8-oxoG bypass and the subsequent extension step. Moreover, the rapid translocation of Dpo4 along DNA induced by nucleotide binding was significantly hindered by the interactions between the embedded 8-oxoG and Dpo4 during the extension step. These results unprecedentedly demonstrate that a Y-family DNA polymerase employs different global conformational dynamics when replicating undamaged and damaged DNA.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.