Rapid incorporation kinetics and improved fidelity of a novel class of 3'-OH unblocked reversible terminators.


Recent developments of unique nucleotide probes have expanded our ...
Recent developments of unique nucleotide probes have expanded our understanding of DNA polymerase function, providing many benefits to techniques involving next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies. The cyclic reversible termination (CRT) method depends on efficient base-selective incorporation of reversible terminators by DNA polymerases. Most terminators are designed with 3'-O-blocking groups but are incorporated with low efficiency and fidelity. We have developed a novel class of 3'-OH unblocked nucleotides, called Lightning Terminators™, which have a terminating 2-nitrobenzyl moiety attached to hydroxymethylated nucleobases. A key structural feature of this photocleavable group displays a 'molecular tuning' effect with respect to single-base termination and improved nucleotide fidelity. Using Therminator™ DNA polymerase, we demonstrate that these 3'-OH unblocked terminators exhibit superior enzymatic performance compared to two other reversible terminators, 3'-O-amino-TTP and 3'-O-azidomethyl-TTP. Lightning Terminators™ show maximum incorporation rates (k(pol)) that range from 35 to 45 nt/s, comparable to the fastest NGS chemistries, yet with catalytic efficiencies (k(pol)/K(D)) comparable to natural nucleotides. Pre-steady-state kinetic studies of thymidine analogs revealed that the major determinant for improved nucleotide selectivity is a significant reduction in k(pol) by >1000-fold over TTP misincorporation. These studies highlight the importance of structure-function relationships of modified nucleotides in dictating polymerase performance.



Biotech Applications, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions, Nucleotide Incorporation


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