Dyslipidaemia and Intima-Media Thickness of Carotid Arteries in Thirty-Five HIV/AIDS Patients Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy.


Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has being impacted ...
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has being impacted significantly therapies for natural human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which leads to a remarkable decrease in its morbidity and mortality but it is frequently associated with metabolic complications such as dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular complications. HIV reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors can be classified into nucleoside and non-nucleoside types. Mitochondrial dysfunction due to the depletion of mt-DNA is partly responsible for various nucleoside RT inhibitors-associated adverse effects including dyslipidaemia. Efavirenz (EFV) is metabolized primarily by cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6) and the metabolic effects of EFV have been described previously. All patients in this study received the same HAART treatment regime (Stavudine (d4T) + Lamivudine (3TC) + Efavirenz (EFV)). This study aims to assess incidences for dyslipidaemia and atherosclerosis.



Modulators/Inhibitors, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions


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