Photoaffinity labeling of the primer binding domain in murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase.

Tirumalai RS, Modak MJ
Biochemistry (1991), Volume 30, Page 6436
PubMed entry


We have labeled the primer binding domain of murine leukemia virus ...
We have labeled the primer binding domain of murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase (MuLV RT) by covalently cross-linking 5' end labeled d(T)8 to MuLV RT, using ultraviolet light energy. The specificity and the functional significance of the primer cross-linking reaction were demonstrated by the fact that (i) other oligomeric primers, tRNAs, and also template-primers readily compete with radiolabeled d(T)8 for the cross-linking reaction, (ii) under similar conditions, the competing primers and template-primer also inhibit the DNA polymerase activity of MuLV RT to a similar extent, (iii) substrate deoxynucleotides have no effect, and (iv) the reaction is sensitive to high ionic strength. In order to identify the primer binding domains/sites in MuLV RT; tryptic digests prepared from the covalently cross-linked MuLV RT and [32P]d(T)8 complexes were resolved on C-18 columns by reverse-phase HPLC. Three distinct radiolabeled peptides were found to contain the majority of the bound primer. Of these, peptide I contained approximately 65% radioactivity, while the remainder was associated with peptides II and III. Amino acid composition and sequence analyses of the individual peptides revealed that peptide I spans amino acid residues 72-80 in the primary amino acid sequence of MuLV RT and is located in the polymerase domain. The primer cross-linking site appears to be at or near Pro-76. Peptides II and III span amino acid residues 602-609 and 615-622, respectively, and are located in the RNase H domain. The probable cross-linking sites in peptides II and III are suggested to be at or near Leu-604 and Leu-618, respectively.




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