DNA polymerases from bakers' yeast.


Two DNA polymerases are present in extracts of commercial bakers' ...
Two DNA polymerases are present in extracts of commercial bakers' yeast and wild type Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown aerobically to late log phase. Yeast DNA polymerase I and yeast DNA polymerase II can be separated by DEAE-cellulose, hydroxylapatite, and denatured DNA-cellulose chromatography from the postmitochondrial supernatants of yeast lysates. The yeast polymerases are both of high molecular weight (greater than 100,000) but are clearly separate species by the lack of immunological cross-reactivity. Analysis of associated enzyme activities and other reaction properties of yeast DNA polymerases provides additional evidence for distinguishing the two species. Enzyme I has no associated nuclease activity but does carry out pyrophosphate exchange and pyrophosphorolysis reactions, and has an associated 3'-exonuclease activity. Enzyme I does not degrade deoxynucleoside triphosphates and cannot utilize a mismatched template. Enzyme II does carry out a template-dependent deoxynucleoside triphosphate degradation reaction and can excise mismatched 3'-nucleotides from suitable template systems. Earlier studies have shown that both Enzyme I and Enzyme II are inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide. The yeast enzymes are not identical to any known eukaryotic or prokaryotic DNA polymerases. In general, Enzyme I appears to be most similar to eukaryotic DNA polymerase alpha and Ezyme II exhibits properties of prokaryotic DNA polymerases II and III.



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