Importance of hydrogen bonding for efficiency and specificity of the human mitochondrial DNA polymerase.


To assess the contribution to discrimination afforded by base pair ...
To assess the contribution to discrimination afforded by base pair hydrogen bonding during DNA replication by the human mitochondrial DNA polymerase, we examined nucleoside mimics lacking hydrogen bond forming capability but retaining the overall steric shape of the natural nucleotide. We employed oligonucleotide templates containing either a deoxyadenosine shape mimic (dQ) or a deoxythymidine shape mimic (dF). Additionally, the nucleoside triphosphate analogs difluorotoluene deoxynucleoside triphosphate, 9-methyl-1-H-imidazo[(4,5)-b]pyridine deoxyribose triphosphate, and 4-methylbenzimidazole deoxyribose triphosphate (dZTP; another dATP shape mimic) were assayed. We used pre-steady state methods to determine the kinetic parameters governing nucleotide incorporation, k(pol) and K(d). In general, the loss of hydrogen bonding potential led to 2-3 kcal/mol reduction in ground state binding free energy, whereas effects on the maximum rate of polymerization were quite variable, ranging from negligible (dATP:dF) to nearly 4 kcal/mol (dZTP:dT). Although we observed only a 46-fold reduction in discrimination when dF was present in the template, there was a complete elimination of discrimination when dQ was present in the template. Our data with dF indicate that hydrogen bonding contributes 2.2 kcal/mol toward the efficiency of incorporation, whereas data with dQ (which may overestimate the effect due to poor steric mimicry) suggest a contribution of up to 6.8 kcal/mol. Taken together, the data suggest that sterics are necessary but not sufficient to achieve optimal efficiency and fidelity for DNA polymerase. Base pair hydrogen bonding contributes at least a third of the energy underlying nucleoside incorporation efficiency and specificity.



Nucleotide Incorporation


new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.