Distinct beta-clamp interactions govern the activities of the Y family PolIV DNA polymerase.

Abstract:

The prototypic Y family DNA polymerase IV (PolIV) of Escherichia coli is involved in multiple replication-associated processes including spontaneous mutagenesis, translesion synthesis (TLS), cell fitness, survival under stressful conditions and checkpoint like functions. It interacts physically and functionally with the replisome's beta processivity clamp through the canonical PolIV C-terminal peptide (CTP). A second interaction that involves a portion of the little finger (LF) domain of PolIV has been structurally described. Here we show that the LF-beta interaction stabilizes the clamp-polymerase complex in vitro and is necessary for the access of PolIV to ongoing replication forks in vivo. However, in contrast to the CTP-beta, the LF-beta interaction is dispensable for the role of the polymerase in TLS. This discloses two independent modes of action for PolIV and, in turn, uncovers a novel way by which the cell may regulate the potentially deleterious effect of such low fidelity polymerases during replication.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Modulators/Inhibitors, Accessory Proteins/Complexes

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.
Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.