Human DNA polymerase lambda is a proficient extender of primer ends paired to 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine.

Abstract:

Pol lambda is a DNA repair enzyme with a high affinity for dNTPs, an intrinsic dRP lyase activity, a BRCT domain involved in interactions with NHEJ factors, and also capable to interact with the PCNA processivity factor. Based on this potential, Pol lambda could play a role in BER, V(D)J recombination, NHEJ and TLS. Here we show that human Pol lambda uses a templating 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8oxoG) base, a common mutagenic form of oxidative damage, as efficiently as an undamaged dG, but giving rise to the alternative insertion of either dAMP or dCMP. However, Pol lambda strongly discriminated against the extension of the mutagenic 8oxoG:dAMP pair. Conversely, Pol lambda readily extended the non-mutagenic 8oxoG:dCMP pair with an efficiency that was even higher than that displayed on undamaged dG:dCMP pair. A similar capacity for non-mutagenic extension was also shown to occur in the case of O6-methylguanine (m6G), a mutagenic and cytotoxic DNA adduct. A comparison of these novel properties of human Pol lambda with those of other DNA polymerases involved in TLS will be discussed. Interestingly, when double-strand breaks are associated to base damage, modifications as 8oxoG could be eventually part of the synapsis required to join ends, and therefore, the capacity of Pol lambda either to insert opposite 8oxoG or to extend correct base pairs containing such a damage could be beneficial for its role in NHEJ.

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