Hypersensitivity in DNA mismatch repair-deficient colon carcinoma cells to DNA polymerase reaction inhibitors.


We studied the cytotoxic effects of various DNA replication inhibitors ...
We studied the cytotoxic effects of various DNA replication inhibitors on MMR-deficient and -proficient colon carcinoma cell lines. DNA polymerase (pol) inhibitors including aphidicolin and gemcitabine, and hydroxyurea were more toxic (1.7 to 2.8-fold) to hMLH1-deficient HCT116 than to hMLH1-proficient HCT116+ch3. Similarly, pol inhibitors were more toxic to hMSH2-deficient LoVo than to hMSH2-proficient LoVo+ch2. In contrast, DNA topoisomerase I inhibitors, such as CPT-11, SN-38, and topotecan, were more toxic to MMR-proficient cells. Our results suggest that MMR-deficient colon carcinoma cells are hypersensitive to inhibitors of the pol reaction.



Modulators/Inhibitors, Nucleotide Analogs / Template Lesions, Fidelity, Nucleotide Incorporation


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