Site-directed mutagenesis analysis of the structural interaction of the single-strand-break repair protein, X-ray cross-complementing group 1, with DNA polymerase beta.


Human X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) is a single-strand DNA ...
Human X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) is a single-strand DNA break repair protein which forms a base excision repair (BER) complex with DNA polymerase beta (beta-Pol). Here we report a site- directed mutational analysis in which 16 mutated versions of the XRCC1 N-terminal domain (XRCC1-NTD) were constructed on the basis of previous NMR results that had implicated the proximity of various surface residues to beta-Pol. Mutant proteins defective in XRCC1-NTD interaction with beta-Pol and with a beta-Pol-gapped DNA complex were determined by gel filtration chromatography and a gel mobility shift assay. The interaction surface determined from the mutated residues was found to encompass beta-strand D and E of the five-stranded beta-sheet (betaABGDE) and the protruding alpha2 helix of the XRCC1-NTD. Mutations that included F67A (betaD), E69K (betaD), V86R (betaE) on the five-stranded beta-sheet and deletion of the alpha2 helix, but not mutations within alpha2, abolished binding of the XRCC1-NTD to beta-Pol. A Y136A mutant abolished beta-Pol binding, and a R109S mutant reduced beta-Pol binding. E98K, E98A, N104A, Y136A, R109S, K129E, F142A, R31A/K32A/R34A and delta-helix-2 mutants displayed temperature dependent solubility. These findings confirm the importance of the alpha2 helix and the betaD and betaE strands of XRCC1-NTD to the energetics of beta-Pol binding. Establishing the direct contacts in the beta-Pol XRCC1 complex is a critical step in understanding how XRCC1 fulfills its numerous functions in DNA BER.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.