Differential effects of N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene and N-2-aminofluorene adducts on the conformational change in the structure of DNA polymerase I (Klenow fragment).

Biochemistry (2000), Volume 39, Page 5139

Abstract:

The carcinogen N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene forms two major DNA adducts: the N-(2'-deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-acetylaminofluorene adduct (dG-C8-AAF) and its deacetylated derivative, the N-(2'-deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-aminofluorene adduct (dG-C8-AF). It is well established that the AAF adduct is a very strong block for DNA synthesis in vitro while the AF adduct is more easily bypassed. In an effort to understand the molecular mechanism of this phenomenon, the structure of the complex of an exonuclease-deficient Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (Klenow fragment) bound to primer-templates containing either an AF or AAF adduct in or near the active site was probed by nuclease and protease digestion analyses. The results of these experiments suggest that positioning the AAF adduct in the polymerase active site strongly inhibits the conformational change that is required for the insertion of a nucleotide. Similar experiments with AF-modified primer-templates shows a much less pronounced effect. The inhibition of the conformational change by either adduct is not detected if they are positioned in the single-stranded part of the template just one nucleotide before the active site. These findings may explain the different abilities of these lesions to block DNA synthesis.

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