Misincorporation of nucleotides by calf thymus DNA primase and elongation of primers containing multiple noncognate nucleotides by DNA polymerase alpha.

Abstract:

Misincorporation of nucleotides by calf thymus DNA primase was examined using synthetic DNA templates of defined sequence. Primase seldom misincorporated NTPs during initiation of a new primer (i.e. polymerization of two NTPs to generate the dinucleotide). Following dinucleotide formation, however, primase readily misincorporated NTPs. Although the rate of misincorporation varied according to both the identity of the mismatch and the template sequence, primase is by far the least accurate nucleotide-polymerizing enzyme known. In some cases primase discriminated against incorrect NTPs by less than a factor of 100. After primase incorporated a noncognate nucleotide into the primer, the next correct NTP was readily added. Remarkably, primase could also polymerize consecutive noncognate nucleotides and generate primers containing multiple mismatches. Generation of a correctly base-paired primer-template negatively regulated further primer synthesis; however, generation of a primer-template containing multiple mismatches did not. After primase synthesized a primer containing multiple mismatches, the primer was transferred to the polymerase alpha active site via an intramolecular mechanism. Importantly, polymerase alpha readily elongated this primer if dNTPs were present. These data are discussed with respect to the question of why primase is required for DNA replication.

Polymerases:

Topics:

Status:

new topics/pols set partial results complete validated

Results:

No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:

Sorting:

Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).

Filtering:

It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.