The 3'-5' exonuclease of human DNA polymerase delta (pol delta) is regulated by pol delta accessory factors and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates.


Human DNA polymerase delta (pol delta) is required for the synthesis ...
Human DNA polymerase delta (pol delta) is required for the synthesis of leading strand of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA replication in vitro. Pol delta requires the accessory factors, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), activator 1 (A1; also known as replication factor C [RF-C]), human single-stranded DNA binding protein (HSSB; also known as replication protein A [RP-A]) for the elongation of primed template DNA. Since pol delta has an associated 3'-5' exonuclease activity, the effect of pol delta accessory factors on the exonuclease activity was examined. The 3'-5' exonuclease activity was stimulated 8-10 fold by the addition of HSSB, and this stimulatory effect was preferential to HSSB since other SSBs from E. coli, T4 or adenovirus, had a little or no effect. The stimulatory effect of HSSB was markedly inhibited by the combined action of A1 and PCNA. Furthermore, the addition of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) completely abolished the effect of HSSB on the 3'-5' exonuclease activity even in the absence of pol delta accessory factors. These results suggest that accessory factors and dNTPs regulate both the polymerase and the 3'-5' exonuclease activities.




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