Ferrate oxidation of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase-I. Identification of a methionine residue that is essential for DNA binding.

Abstract:

Treatment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase-I with potassium ferrate (K2FeO4), a site-specific oxidizing agent for the phosphate group-binding sites of proteins, results in the irreversible inactivation of enzyme activity as judged by the loss of polymerization as well as 3'-5' exonuclease activity. A significant protection from ferrate-mediated inactivation is observed in the presence of DNA but not by substrate deoxynucleoside triphosphates. Furthermore, ferrate-treated enzyme also exhibits loss of template-primer binding activity, whereas its ability to bind substrate triphosphates is unaffected. In addition, comparative high pressure liquid chromatography tryptic peptide maps obtained before and after ferrate oxidation demonstrated that only five peptides of the more than 60 peptide peaks present in the tryptic digest underwent a major change in either peak position or intensity as a result of ferrate treatment. Amino acid analyses and/or sequencing identified four of these affected peaks as corresponding to peptides that span residues 324-340, 437-455, 456-464, and 512-518, respectively. However, only the last peptide, which has the sequence: Met-Trp-Pro-Asp-Leu-Gln-Lys, was significantly protected in the presence of DNA. This latter peptide was also the only peptide whose degree of oxidation correlated directly with the extent of inactivation of the enzyme. Amino acid analysis indicated that methionine 512 is the target site in this peptide for ferrate oxidation. Methionine 512, therefore, appears to be essential for the DNA-binding function of DNA polymerase-I from E. coli.

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